FDI sector significantly contributes to Vietnam’s economy

The foreign direct investment (FDI) sector has become an important part in Vietnam’s economy, with remarkable contributions to the country’s socio-economic development.  
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As of April 2018, Vietnam had attracted 25,524 FDI projects with total registered capital of more than 320 billion USD from 126 countries and territories across the world, according to the Foreign Investment Agency (FIA) under the Ministry of Planning and Investment.

fdi sector significantly contributes to vietnams economy
A phone charging cable production line of the KSD Vina Co. Ltd, invested by the Republic of Korea, in Thai Nguyen province. (Photo: VNA)

Minister of Planning and Investment Nguyen Chi Dung said the FDI sector contributes about 25 percent to social investment capital and 20 percent to the gross domestic product (GDP).

Close to 58 percent of total FDI capital has went to the processing and manufacturing industries, helping Vietnam increase the value of products and create a shift in domestic economic sectors in a more positive and competitive way.

In 2017, the FDI sector made up 72 percent of total export value and generated about 3.5 million direct jobs and 5 million indirect employments.

FIA Director Do Nhat Hoang said FDI has flown into all 63 cities and provinces nationwide. The southern largest economic hub of Ho Chi Minh City tops the list with 44.7 billion USD in registered FDI, accounting for 13.8 percent of the total investment.

The southern province of Binh Duong ranks second with 30.7 billion USD, accounting for 9.5 percent of the total investment, followed by the capital city of Hanoi and Dong Nai province with 27.7 billion USD and 27.34 billion USD, respectively.

The Ministry of Planning and Investment is drafting a strategy to draw FDI in 2018-2023 with the assistance of the World Bank (WB).

Economists suggested Vietnam change its FDI attraction policies, focusing on high-quality projects applying new cutting-edge technologies, having strong influence on the economy and supporting domestic business development.

WB experts advised the country to draw FDI based on technology, labour skills and production value chains.

Vice Chairman of the People’s Committee of Vinh Phuc province Le Duy Thanh said there should be mandatory policies for foreign businesses while investing in Vietnam such as requiring them to ensure a localisation rate of 60 percent instead of 10 percent at present.

Vietnam remained an attractive destination for foreign investors in 2017 with total registered FDI capital hitting a record high of 35.88 billion USD, up 44.4 percent against last year.

The most attractive sectors were manufacturing-processing industries, electricity production and distribution and real estate.

Among 115 countries and territories investing in Vietnam in 2017, Japan topped the list, with 9.11 billion USD, making up 25.4 percent of total amount.

It was followed by the Republic of Korea with 8.49 billion USD or 23.7 percent of the FDI, and Singapore with 5.3 billion USD or 14.8 percent.

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(Source: VNA)