Suitable legal frameworks, policies needed to fulfill climate targets: experts

The Vietnamese government has set out a roadmap to achieve the country’s climate targets, including net zero emissions by 2050 as committed by Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh at the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow, the UK.
Suitable legal frameworks, policies needed to fulfill climate targets: experts. Bac Lieu Wind Power Plant. (Photo: Phan Tuan Anh)
Bac Lieu wind power plant. (Photo: Phan Tuan Anh)

Accordingly, Viet Nam will gradually phase out coal-fired power and stop building new plants of this kind.

The Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT) said coal-fired thermal power accounts for more than 30 percent of the total supply and plays an important role in ensuring national energy security.

The energy sector is working to reduce emissions as well as its reliance on fossil fuels towards the target of net zero emissions in the next decades, the ministry added.

Under Power Development Plan VIII submitted to the Prime Minister, Viet Nam will not build new coal-fired power plants, reduce the number of new projects to the minimum by 2045, and gradually scrap old factories equipped with outdated technologies.

Viet Nam expects to generate some 146,000MW by 2030 and 343,000MW by 2045, down about 14,800 MW compared with Power Development Plan VII.

Experts, however, have suggested Viet Nam sketch out a suitable roadmap to ensure national energy security.

Mathias Hollander, senior manager of the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), said Viet Nam has long coastlines and the potential for wind power, especially offshore.

Mark Hutchinson, Chair of the GWEC’s Southeast Asia Taskforce, said the target of 10GW from offshore wind power is achievable for Viet Nam, noting that the energy will help the country stay away from risks of the global market that is forecast to experience uncertainties in the time ahead.

Stuart Livesey, CEO of the La Gan Wind Power Development Corporation and Country Director of Copenhagen Offshore Partners (COP) in Viet Nam, suggested Viet Nam devise specific strategies and plans, and have suitable funding for energy.

Experts shared the view that Viet Nam’s commitments at COP26 could be reached with suitable legal frameworks and policies.

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(Source: VNA)