A fulcrum for ethnic minorities in Tra Vinh to stabilize their lives

WVR - Policies for ethnic minorities in Tra Vinh have been effective recently, and many households in remote areas have conditions to escape poverty.
Ông Thạch Đươne (thứ 3 từ trái qua) ở ấp Lạc Sơn (xã Thạnh Hòa Sơn, huyện Cầu Ngang, tỉnh Trà Vinh) cùng người thân phấn khởi khi được chính quyền xét tặng hỗ trợ nhà Chương trình MTQG 1719. (Ảnh: Phương Nghi)

A household in Lac Son hamlet (Thanh Hoa Son commune, Cau Ngang district, Tra Vinh province) is excited/delighted to be considered by the government for housing support from the National Target Program 1719. (Photo: Phuong Nghi)

The outcomes of 3-year implementation of the National Target Program on socio-economic development in ethnic minorities and mountainous areas for the period of 2021-2030, the first phase from 2021-2025 (referred to as National Target Program 1719) have been positive. A number of projects and subprojects have initially brought significant results in supporting people, especially ethnic minorities to develop economy, gradually escape from poverty and improve living standards.

Promoting efficiency of Program 1719

Tra Cu is a poor district in a remote area of ​​Tra Vinh province, home of over 62% of Khmer people. Their lives have changed significantly thanks to the State's investment in manufacturing and rural infrastructure, especially the effective implementation of policy credit capital.

In order to help Khmer people improve their lives, in addition to general policies, ethnic minorities in difficult areas also benefit from specific support policies. Mr. Kien Nhu (Don Chum hamlet, Tan Son commune) is one of the households that escaped from poverty thanks to the State’s support capital.

Mr. Kien Nhu said: "Previously, due to little arable land and lack of manufacturing investment, my family has stayed poor.” In 2022, his family was considered for a loan of 50 million VND according to Decree No. 28/2022/ND-CP of the Government on preferential policies for implementing the National Target Program 1719 to raise cows. This year, the Commune Farmers Union supported his family for an additional loan of 20 million VND from the Association's revolving capital fund to expand livestock farming and grow another lemon tree from the family's ineffective rice-growing land.

Thanks to his diligence and thrift, Mr. Nhu's family gradually improved their lives. In 2022, he voluntarily asked to escape from poverty. He shared: "My family faced with difficult circumstances, causing economic pressure. Having received loan support to raise cows and grow lemons, I have learned how to use capital appropriately in manufacturing as well as kept up with technical advances to apply, and then life has become better and better."

Ms. Son Thi Thieng, Head of the Ethnic Department of Tra Cu district, said: “From 2018 up to now, with the capital allocated by the Central and local authorities, communes and towns in the district have implemented housing support policies for nearly 300 households, residential land support for 19 households and job changes for more than 100 households. In addition, the district has implemented 27 manufacturing development support projects for over 300 households with a total cost of over 20 billion VND. By the end of 2022, poor households according to Tra Cu's multi-dimensional criteria will be 4.47%; Average income will reach 58 million VND/person/year.”

“The Party and State’s policies not only help people focus on business and thrift practice but also change the previous outdated farming practices and habits by boldly transforming planting structure, livestock and applying scientific and technical advances to production, since then many households have risen in life," Ms. Thieng said.

The National Target Program 1719 has created a fulcrum for Khmer people to stabilize their lives. Thanh Hoa Son commune (Cau Ngang district) is home of more than 70% Khmer people.

Mr. Le Van Phuoc, Chairman of Thanh Hoa Son commune, said: “Through implementing the National Target Program 1719 since the beginning of 2023, Thanh Hoa Son has promoted infrastructure construction, and supported investment in production, land, housing, and clean water. Up to now, the district’s Bank for Social Policies has invested in more than 70 poor and near-poor households, and Khmer households with a total loan of more than 6 billion VND to develop production and housing construction.”

“In particular, Thanh Hoa Son implemented the construction of 15 houses for households with housing difficulties (of which the fund supports 40 million VND and facilitates loans of 50 million VND) and from Project 1 implemented from 2022 of the ethnic minorities in mountainous areas has supported the construction of 28 houses. By the end of 2023, the commune will strive to basically solve housing problems for poor households, especially poor households with housing difficulties, who are Khmer people," Mr. Phuoc said.

Từ nguồn vốn chính sách ưu đãi theo Nghị định số 28/2022/NĐ-CP về chính sách ưu đãi thực hiện Chương trình MTQG 1719, anh Danh Henl ở ấp Sóc Ruộng (xã Ngũ Lạc, huyện Duyên Hải, tỉnh Trà Vinh) thực hiện mô hình trồng ớt đã giúp anh và nhiều hộ Khmer cải th

From preferential policy capital under Decree No. 28/2022/ND-CP on preferential policies for implementing the National Target Program 1719, Mr. Danh Henl in Soc Ruong hamlet (Nggu Lac commune, Duyen Hai district, Tra Vinh province) implemented the chili growing model, helping him and many Khmer households improve their lives. (Photo: Phuong Nghi)

Invest in many projects to serve people's livelihood

Along with investing in infrastructure for production, Tra Vinh focuses on investment capital to support developing production, diversifying livelihoods, replicating poverty reduction models; implementing housing, residential land production land, training vocational, and creating job support policies.

In 2023, implementing the National Target Program 1719, Tra Vinh is allocated over 451 billion VND, of which/in particular the Central Budget is over 407.2 billion VND. According to the plan, the province will focus on supporting residential land for more than 40 ethnic minority households, housing for more than 525 households, job changes for about 275 households, distributed water for 38 households, and investment in the construction of two centralized water projects.

Along with that, the province built 58 new essential infrastructure projects to serve production and life in ethnic minority areas; continued to implement 16 transitional projects in 2022; repaired and maintained 36 projects; and invested in the construction, renovation, and upgrading of 6 market projects in ethnic minority areas.

Mr. Le Van Han, Chairman of Provincial People’s Committee emphasized that the lives of ethnic minorities in the province are constantly improving, which is the result of development and implementation in response to resolutions and policies. In particular, by implementing Resolution No. 04/2021/NQ-HDND dated March 19, 2021, of the People's Council of Tra Vinh province "Regulations on housing improvement support policies for poor and near-poor households in the period 2021-2025", the province supported houses for 2.418 poor and near-poor households.

In particular, the entrusted budget through the Provincial Bank for Social Policy Branch supported 1,052 poor and near-poor households to borrow capital to build houses; the Provincial Social Security Fund supported 910 houses, and the rest comes from the Fund for the Poor of the Province and District.

It can be said that in recent times, policies for ethnic minorities in Tra Vinh have been effective and many households in remote areas have been able to escape poverty. The lives of ethnic minorities today are changing day by day, demonstrating the correct implementation of guidlelinesand policies towards ethnic minorities.

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(Translated by Quynh Nguyen)