Cham people’s pottery making art named intangible cultural heritage
|Cham people’s pottery making art named intangible cultural heritage in need of urgent safeguarding: Products of Bau Truc Cham Ancient Pottery Village (Ninh Phuoc, Ninh Thuan). (Photo: VNA)|
The recognition was made at the 17th session of the Inter-governmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Rabat, Morocco, according to the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
Cham pottery products are mainly household utensils, worship objects, and handicrafts such as jars (called “jek”), pots (gok), food trays (cambak), and vases (bilaok).
Pottery making is considered a demonstration of Cham women’s creativity on the basis of their community’s knowledge.
Notably, instead of using turntables, Cham women move themselves backward around blocks of clay to shape objects. The products are not laid with enamel but dried and baked outdoor in wood and rice straw fires at about 800 degrees Celsius for seven - eight hours.
|Cham people’s pottery making art named intangible cultural heritage, (Photo: VNA)|
Clay is sourced from the Hamu Tanu Halan field on the banks of the Quao River in Bau Truc village and the clay pit of Xuan Quang village, about 3km to the northwest of Binh Duc village, the central province of Ninh Thuan.
Despite preservation efforts, the pottery making is still at risk of disintegration due to the urbanisation process’s impact on the access to raw materials, the slow adaptation to the market economy, and young people’s lack of interest in the craft.
|Cham people’s pottery making art named intangible cultural heritage: Binh Duc Cham Pottery Village (Phan Hiep Commune, Bac Binh District, Binh Thuan Province) is like a museum preserving the unique cultural features of the Cham people, the most unique being the craft of handmade pottery. (Photo: VNA)|
The pottery making of Cham people is the 15th intangible cultural heritage of Vietnam to be named in UNESCO lists.